私の古い電話では、「エリア情報 - セル情報」という設定がありました。有効にすると、モバイルネットワーク名の横に位置情報が表示されます。<事前> <コード> 9988776655443330
In my old phone I had a setting called "Area Info - cell information". When enabled it would show the location information next to the mobile network name, like:
Vodafone Foobar Street
I can't find this setting anywhere in Android :(
Not all carriers support this. And Android does not show this by default IMHO. If you're still with the same provider and in the same area, you might want to check your app drawer. Some have an app called "Cell Info" pre-installed (I have it e.g. on my LG Optimus 4X xe2x80x93 but in my area this feature is not supported).
Alternatively, you might want to look for some location widgets you could place on your home screen. Several weather widgets also display your current location along with the weather reports.
If the notification area would suffice, you also could take a look at GPS Notification or GPS Status & Toolbox. These apps display your current position in the notification area as long as GPS is turned on (not sure whether you can configure that to city/street, as I didn't try them out).
GPS Notification (source: Google Play; click image for larger variant)
Another possibility would be "self-made widgets" using e.g. Zooper or UCCW. Again, I didn't try one of those, so I cannot say for sure whether they would go down to street level. But at least those widgets would go directly to your homescreen, and you can customize them heavily.